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Our relationship with nature in the past 50 years

The Living Planet Index (LPI) which tracks populations of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians – reveals an average 69% decrease in monitored wildlife populations since 1970. The 2022 LPI analyzed almost 32,000 species populations. It provides the most comprehensive measure of how they are responding to pressures in their environment.

In the next fifty years’ time, do you expect our way of co-existing with nature to
become better, worse, or stayed the same?

The project motivation stems from the realization that we are living in the Anthropocene era, where human activity has had a significant impact on the planet's climate and ecosystem. This has led to a tension between preserving nature and development, which is particularly acute in Singapore due to its small size. Despite efforts to protect biodiversity, there is a risk of compromising these efforts due to continued development.

Shaping our reconciliation with nature in the post-Anthropocene period

The lack of desirable alternatives, contradictions between romanticized notions and current reality, and the risk of biodiversity loss have all contributed to the need for a project that explores the relationship between development and nature in Singapore.

Biodiversity loss by region today

the urgency

Devastating 69% drop in wildlife populations since 1970 – according to WWF’s Living Planet Report (LPR) 2022.

The tension between preserving nature and development
is particularly acute in Singapore because of its small size. Because of that, there is a severe ‘disconnect with nature’.
People are into the idea of living with nature, but are not ready to accept wildlife.

Second Nature is created as a way to design for coexistence as we look for some salvation that can be projected towards new scenarios of interspecies cohabitation.

The 'Future' we want

Through anonymous surveys, focus group discussions, and hybrid transdisciplinary workshops, expert and non-expert stakeholders from various disciplines and age groups were able to co-imagine a desirable future state for a commonly decided landscape in 2072. This interaction allowed for the development of embodied metaphors and data-driven insights that informed the design of a preferred and probable future.


“Ignorance is Bliss”

Passive Environmentalists

“Self-imprisoned Frog in a well”


“Awareness is Empowerment”


“Blueprint of Life”

"A transition from the period when humans were a disruptive force on the planet Earth to the period when humans become present to the planet in a manner that is mutually enhancing."

– Thomas Berry: The Great Work, 1999:11). The Sustainment (Tony Fry)

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